جمعه ٠١ بهمن ١٣٩٥
مقالات

 

 

1: Community Study of Suicidal Behaviors and Risk Factors among Iranian Adults

 Community Study of Suicidal Behaviors and Risk Factors among Iranian Adults

Mitra Hakim Shooshtarya*, Seyed Kazem Malakoutia, Jafar Bolharia, Marzieh Nojomib, Marjan Poshtmashhadia, Safieh Asgharzadeh Amina, José M. Bertolotec & Alexandra Fleischmann

Abstract

The present study is part of the WHO/SUPRE-MISS conducted in Iran. The aim of the study was to determine the lifetime prevalence of suicide behaviors in a community sample of Iranian adults. Five hundred and four families were selected randomly according to electricity bills in Karaj, 45 km from the capital city, represented the catchment area for this investigation. The SUPRE-MISS questionnaires used in this study compromised a variety of aspects of suicidal behaviors. Lifetime prevalence rates for suicidal ideation, planning and attempts were 14%, 6.6%, and 4.1% respectively. Tobacco users and long-term mental and physical disabilities were significantly higher among subjects with a history of suicidal attempts. Younger ages, tobacco abuse, and long-term mental or physical disabilities could be considered risk factors for attempting suicide

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2: Prevalence of Suicide Thoughts, Plans and Attempts in a Community Sample from Karaj, Iran

http://www98.griffith.edu.au/dspace/bitstream/handle/10072/26023/?sequence=1

Seyed Kazem Malakouti ; Marzieh Nojomi ; Jafar Bolhari ; Mitra Hakimshooshtari ; Marjan Poshtmashhadi ; Diego De Leo

 

Abstract

 Aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of suicide ideation and behavior in a community sample of an Iranian city, Karaj. Study sample consisted of 2,300 subjects, chosen randomly from the community. The WHO/SUPRE-MISS survey questionnaire, used in this study. Lifetime prevalence for suicide thoughts, plans and attempts were 12.7, 6.2 and 3.3%, respectively and for the previous year they were 5.7, 2.9 and 1%, respectively. Although it is not possible to generalize the results to the country, but in some area of Iran, the prevalence of suicide ideation, plan and attempt appeared to be similar to that of many developed countries.